Phytochemicals and Proximate analysis of KaempferiaGalanga

Ejikeme, Chigozie and Nwanisobi, Gloria (2019) Phytochemicals and Proximate analysis of KaempferiaGalanga. In: BOOK OF PROCEEDINGS FOR 4th CSN ZONAL 17th Coalcitychem(Enugu State Chapter), Enugu.

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The chemistry of West African timbers are not known unlike that of the developed countries. An attempt is thus made to address this problem by investigating the chemical constituents of a timber(KaempferiaGalanga). The wood sample was obtained from the timber market in Edo State. At the point of the purchase, it was ascertained by the dealers and confirmed by literature.The proximate analysis were carried out with the following results: moisture content (27.0%), carbohydrate (2mg/g), protein (2.8%), fiber (2%),ash content(3.4%) and lipids (7.7%). Physical properties such as pH(6.54), specific gravity (0.23), charring temperature (93-113oC), porosityIndex (1.19 %) and colour (Lemon Chiffon) of the timber powder sample were determined. Phytochemical screening was alsocarried out to determine the presence of secondary metabolites in the wood powder samples. The chemical constituents and extractive studied gave the following results which includes: flavonoids(3.8%), alkaloids(3.6%), saponins(6.2%),lignin(20.5%),hemicellulose(32.0%),cellulose(43%), tannins (700mg/100g), glycosides (680mg/100g) phenol (1.8mg/g). The proximate analysis results reveal the effect of some factors on the wood while the phytochemical analysis shows the presence of secondary metabolites. . Thus from the chemistry of wood, it was observed that the chemical constituents and proximate analysis reveals the importance of timber to medicine.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences
Depositing User: miss lydia lydia
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2019 10:54
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2019 10:56

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