Parasites Of African Catfish Clarias Gariepinus Cultured In Homestead Ponds

Eneje, U.L. and Enyidi, U.D. (2015) Parasites Of African Catfish Clarias Gariepinus Cultured In Homestead Ponds. Research journali’s Journal of Agriculture, 2 (12).

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There is current boom in the culture of African catfish Clarias gariepinus due to profitability and public acceptance. The boom in catfish culture has also lead to increased homestead farming, poor management and parasitism. There is need therefore to survey the prevalence of parasites of African catfish cultured in homestead ponds. To this end mature African catfish were obtained from four homestead fish farms, each with an average of four ponds making 16 ponds. The catfish were transported to wet lab of Godfrey Okoye University Enugu. The fish were sexed and separated according to their farms till analyzed for parasites. Analyses were done for ecto and endoparasites. There was also an analysis on the prevalence of microbial parasites. Parasitic helminths Procamallanus laevioncus, had the highest prevalence rate 47.62% followed by necrotic bacteria Flavobacterium columnare (38.10%). Alloglossidium corti species and Polyonchobothrium clariae species were least endemic with prevalence rate of 9.52% and 4.76% respectively. The helminth parasites were more endemic in the intestine of most female than male catfish. Flavobacterium columnare was notably causing fin rot and fin erosion. There parasites seems to be reducing in prevalence as the fish increases in weight. Stress and poor knowledge of fish welfare seems to account for prevalence of parasites in the homestead ponds. Keywords: parasites, flavobacterium, homestead fish ponds, helminth parasites, fish welfare

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences
Depositing User: GOUNI ICT
Date Deposited: 06 May 2018 06:46
Last Modified: 06 May 2018 06:46

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