Qualitative and Quantitative Determination of Phytochemical Contents of Indigenous Nigerian Softwoods

Ezeonu, Chukwuma S. and Ejikeme, Chigozie (2016) Qualitative and Quantitative Determination of Phytochemical Contents of Indigenous Nigerian Softwoods. New Journal of Science.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5601327


The phytochemical contents of some milled Nigerian softwood chips were carried out in a quest to evaluate their potentials as sources of alternative medicine as well as uses in other industrial applications. The qualitative and quantitative analysis were ascertained. Tannin was found in all the Nigerian softwoods examined with the highest quantities obtained in Sterculia oblonga (1240mg/100 g) and Barteria nigritiana (1230mg/100 g). Highest quantities of alkaloid were obtained in Cordia millenii (11.2%) and Sterculia oblonga (10.4%). Barteria nigritiana (14.2%) and Moringa oleifera (12.2%) recordedmore flavonoid content than other individual softwoods. Saponin wasmore in Anogeissus leiocarpus (12.5%) and Dichrostachys cinerea (9.8%).Oxalate was found to be higher in Combretodendronmacrocarpum(5.84 g/100 g) and Glyphaea brevis (3.55 g/100 g). Pentaclethramacrophylla (890mg/100 g) and Moringa oleifera (880mg/100 g) contained more cyanogenic glycosides. Sacoglottis gabonensis (4.68mg/g) and Pentaclethra macrophylla (4.04mg/g) showed the highest contents of phenol,whilemore lipids (8% and 7.2%)were found inAnogeissus leiocarpus and Kaempferia galanga, respectively.The results showed that theseNigerian softwoods grains could be a source for the exploitation of these phytochemicals beneficial in the pharmaceutical and alternative medicine industries.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences
Depositing User: miss ifeoma agbo
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2019 09:43
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2019 09:43
URI: http://eprints.gouni.edu.ng/id/eprint/1319

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