Emerging Agencies, Enabling State and the Orgy of (Failed) Migration in Libya, 2011 to 2017

Okoli, Rowland Chukwuma and Chukwurah,, Adaora (2018) Emerging Agencies, Enabling State and the Orgy of (Failed) Migration in Libya, 2011 to 2017. In: 2018 AfriHeritage Conference on the Political Economy of Migration in Africa, 28 – 29 June, 2018., African Heritage Institution.

[img] Text
11. Okoli - Libya.pdf

Download (738kB)


This study examined how the emergent militia groups in post-Gadhafi Libya shaped the contours of migration in the state. The following questions were interrogated: How did proliferation of armed militia groups contribute to the migration crisis experienced in post-Gadhafi Libya? Did prioritization of counter-smuggling of migrants over rescue operations by European countries entrench the migration crisis in post-Gadhafi Libya? The study is anchored on the gate-keeper state theory. Documentary method of data collection was employed while qualitative analysis of data was adopted. The study found that: the fall of Gadhafi regime in 2011 created interstices exploited by local armed militia groups to commoditise migrants in Libya. Again, the armed militia groups served as agents of the three warring governments in Libya for securing their regime/territories, and as agents of European countries, particularly Italy to thwart flow of irregular migrants to Europe. This commoditization of migrants by militia groups coalesced with the anti-migration strategies adopted by some European countries to create migration crisis in which an avalanche of irregular migrants became trapped in Libya and were subjected to exploitation and slavery. The study recommends strengthening of the subregional security architectures in Africa to enhance surveillance/control of porous borders.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: J Political Science > JF Political institutions (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Management and Social Sciences
Depositing User: mrs chioma hannah
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2019 11:12
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2019 11:13
URI: http://eprints.gouni.edu.ng/id/eprint/1168

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item