ROLE OF CUMULATIVE TRAUMA AND EMOTION REGULATION IN SELF–HARM URGES AMONG PRISON INMATES
AbstractThis study investigated the role of cumulative trauma and emotion regulation in self–harm urge among prison inmates. Participants were one hundred and forty nine (149) male prison inmates of Nsukka prison who were randomly selected among the population of prison inmates in the prison. Their ages ranged between 23 to 65 years with a mean age of 28.49 years (SD = 6.42). Cross sectional design was adopted. Result of a Hieracrhical Multiple Regression analysis showed that cumulative trauma was a positively significant predictor of self-harm urge (β = .42, p < .001), accounting for 17% of the variance in self-harm urge (∆R2 = .17). The result also showed that cognitive reappraisal was a negatively significant predictor of self-harm urge among the inmates (β = -.37, p < .001), accounting for 14% of the variance in self-harm urge (∆R2 = .14). Expressive suppression did not significantly predict self-harm urge (β = .15), although it added an additional 2% to the explanation of the variance in self-harm urge (∆R2 = .02). The 3 predictor variables in the regression model contributed 33% to the explanation of the variance in self-harm urge among the prison inmates collectively (total AR2 = .33). The implications of these findings were discussed, and suggestions for further studies were equally made.
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