Managing the Technological Environment for Improved Organizational Performance: A Case Study of Aqua Rapha Nigeria Ltd

  • Lovlyn Ekeowa Kelvin-Iloafu University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus


The state of technological environment in any organization has a significant influence on the quality and quantity of production of its goods or services. But despite this, technology is prone to constant change which organizations have to monitor, manage and cope with. The work focuses on management of technological environment for improved organizational performance. The objectives of the study are to ascertain the extent to which the adoption of technology has affected the performance of the organization, to determine the factors that affect the adoption of modern technology in the organization and to highlight the impact of technological innovation in achievement of organizational goals. The study directed to Aqua Rapha Nigeria Limited Enugu, employed the use of survey research design, three research questions were drawn to guide the study. The findings reveal that technological adoption has a significant relationship on organizational performance, among others. Conclusively, in this modern competitive age, the pace of the technological change is very fast. Therefore, in order to survive and grow in the market, organizations have to adopt the technological change from time to time. Hence the decisions made by managers must conform to the demands on technological environment. Based on the findings and the conclusions, the work recommends that managers of organization should improve workers skills through training and development, try to be proactive to introduction of new technology, purchase new machines and equipment and most importantly, they should practice good employment relations.  


Adirika, E.O, Ebue, B.C and Nnolim, D.A. (2001) Principles and Practice of Marketing One. (2nd Edition) Enugu: John Jacob’s Classic Publishers Ltd

Agbonifor, B.A. (2008) “Environmental Analysis in B.A. Agbonifor (ed)” Strategic Management in Nigeria, Benin City: Mindex Publishers.

Armstrong, M. (2006) Human Resources Management and Practice, Ohio Philadelphia.

Aubrey, D. (2006) Performance Management Changing Behavior That Drives Organizational Effectiveness. 4th Edition: McGraw-Hill.

Bevan, S., Barber, L. and Robins, D. (1997) Keeping the Best: A Practical Guide to retaining Key Employees, Brighton, Institute for Employment, November.

Boyd, B.B. (1984) Management Minded Supervision, New York McGraw Hill Books Company.

Busch, S. and Houston, M.S. (1985) Marketing Strategic Foundations Homewood Illinois: Richard D. Irwin Inc.

Choo, W.C. (2001) “Environmental Scanning as Information Seeking and Organizational Learning” Information Research: (17)1.

Certo, S.C. (1992) Modern Management Quality, Ethics and Global Environment, Boston: Allyn Bacon.

Dauda, Y.A. (2010) “Technological Innovation and organizational Performance: Employee Relations Strategies” Nigerian Journal of Industries Vol. II

Dauda, Y.A. (2011) “Technological Change and Employee Performance in Selected Manufacturing Industry in Lagos State of Nigeria” Australian Journal of Business and Management Research: 1(5).

Deklerk, M. (2007) “Healing Emotional Trauma in Organization An Organization Development”. Framework and Case Study Organization Development Journal: 2(25).

Ezeh, J.A. and Onodugo, V.A. (2002) Business Policy and Strategic Management: Issues and Trends. Enugu: Kinsman Publishers.

Ezezue, B. O. (2010)” Evaluating the Impact of performance Management on Employees” The Journal of Management Research, 5(1).

Ezigbo, C.A. (2011) Advanced Management Theory and Application. Enugu: Immaculate Publication Ltd.

Gagnon, V.C and Dragon J. (1995) “The Impact of Technology on Organizational Performance” Optimum, the Journal of Public Sector Management: 28(1).

Griffin, W.G. (1996) Management, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Hawkins, J. M. (1995) Oxford Mini Reference Dictionary. Oxford University Press.

Hicks, H.G. and Gullett, C.R. (1981) Management, (4th Edition). McGraw-Hill.

Hitt, M.A. (2000) The New Frontier: “Transformation of Management for the New Millennium” Journal of Organization Dynamics: Elsevier Science Reprinted

Imaga, E.U.L. and Ewurum, U.J.F. (2000) Business Management Topics Enugu: Oktek publishers.

Imaga, E.U.L. (2000) A manual of Corporate Planning and Strategic Business Policy. (2nd Edition). Enugu Rhyce Kerex Printers.

Imaga, E. U. L. (2003) Comparative Management System: Nigeria and some Selected Countries. Enugu. Rhyce Kerex Publisher.

Kaplan, R.S. and Norton, D.P. (1996) “Using the Balance Scorecard as a Strategic Management System”. Harvard Business Review, 74(1).

Kazmi, A. (2005) Business Policy and Strategic Management. New Delhi, Tate. McGraw-Hill.

Khalil, T. (2000) Management of Technology. The key to Competitiveness And Wealth Creation: McGrawHill.

Kinear, T. and Bernhardt, K. (1986) Principles of Marketing. Glenview, Illinois: Scott, Foreman, and Company.

Koontz, H. and O’ Donnell, C. (1976) Management: A Systems and Contingency Analysis of Management Function, USA: McGraw-Hill Inc.

Koontz, H. O’Donnell, C and Weihrich, H. (1981) Management, London McGraw- Hill.

Kubber, C.E. (1977) Preparing Managers for Progressive Technology in Management Development in Nigeria: Challenges of Indigenization.

Kurt, L. (1958) Group Decision and Social Change. New York HoIt, Rinehart and Winston.

Lynch, R. (1997) Corporate Strategy, London Pitman Publishing.

Markie, B. (2008), “Organization Performance Management in a Government Context”. Scottish Government Social Research, Edinburgh or

March, J.G. and Sutton, R.I. (1997) Organization Performance as a Dependent Variable. Crossroads Problems in Studies of Performance. California Berkeley.

Mayor, A. (2001) The Human Value of The Enterprise. Valuing People as Assets. London, Nicholas Brealey.

Mintzberg, H. (1981) The Nature of Managerial Work, New York, Harper And Row

Negrophone, N. (2000) “Will Everything be Digital”, The Future of Technology USA Time Magazine, July.

Nnadi, C. (2009) “Environmental Factors that Impact on the Performance of SMES in Nigeria”. Nigeria Journal of Management Research 4(3).

Olakunori, O.K and Ejionueme, N.G. (1997) Introduction to Marketing Enugu. Joen Associates.

Onwuchekwa, C.I. (1993) Management Theory and Organizational Analysis: A Contingency Theory Approach. Enugu: Ohio (Nigeria) Enterprise.

Osaze, B.E. and Anao, A.R (1989). Management Finance. Benin City: Uniben Press.

Porras, J.I. and Silvers (1999) “Organizational Development and Transformation”. Annual Review of Psychology: 4(251-78).

Richard, L.P. (2009) “Organizational Performance: Towards Methodological Best Practice”. Journal of Management.

Shelerkar, S. A. (1978) Business Planning and Policy. Himalayan Publishing House.

Slater, S.F. and Narver (2000) “The Positive Effect of a Market Orientation on Business Profitability: A Balanced Replication”. Journal of Business Research.

Sullivan, R. (2010) Practicing organizational Development: A Guide for Learning Change, Jossey Bass 48(69-73).

Tate, E.C. and Taylor, M.L (1983) Business Policy, Administrative, Strategic And Contingency Issues, Georgetown. Irwin Dorsey Limited.

Tetenbaum, J.J. (1998) “Shifting Paradigms: From Newton to Chaos” Journal of Organization Dynamics: Elsevier Science Printers.

Thierauf, R.J.; Klekamp, R.C. and Geeding, D.W. (1977) Management Principles and Practices. A Contingency and Questionnaire Approach, New York, John Willey and Sons, Inc.

Thomas, P.S. (1974) “Environmental Analysis for Corporate Planning” Business Horizon. October.

Thompson, A.A. and Strickland, A.J. (1980) Strategic Formulation and Implementation. Dallas Business Publication.

Ugbam, O.C. (2011) The Core Function of Human Resources Management Enugu: Chirol Publishers.

Unamka, P.C. and Ewurum, U.J.F. (1995) Business Management Topics. 2 Enugu: Oktek Publishers.

Utterback, J. (1994) Mastering the Dynamic of Innovation. Poston M.A Harvard Business School Press.
How to Cite
KELVIN-ILOAFU, Lovlyn Ekeowa. Managing the Technological Environment for Improved Organizational Performance: A Case Study of Aqua Rapha Nigeria Ltd. GOUNI Journal of Management and Social Sciences, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 263-279, feb. 2017. ISSN 2550-7265. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 11 may 2018.


Technological Environment; Organizational Performance