Understanding Human Trafficking and Its Obscurity

Nnebedum, Chigozie (2016) Understanding Human Trafficking and Its Obscurity. In: Life Dignity and Justice Conference, September 28- 2016, Diocese of San Bernadino, California USA.

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Abstract for Workshop paper on The Evils of Human Trafficking.pdf

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San Bernadino_HT presentation.pdf

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In discussing the origin or emergence of human trafficking there is the need to underline the fact that human trafficking is different from prostitution. While trafficking in human beings involves prostitution, prostitution does not necessarily mean human trafficking. The subject of human trafficking as we have it today crystallised in such a form because of the abolition of slave trade which began in the 18th Century (Huland 2012). The drafting of the Universal Human Rights led to the abolition of slavery with Germany and Saudi Arabia prohibiting slavery in 1948 and 1962 respectively (Huland 2012, p. 65).1 The old form of slavery was abolished and the new form of it, which is human trafficking, started. There were traces of slavery in the ancient times and there were many other reasons why people leave their lands en masse for other places (Neumayer 2009, online version). In the Bronze and Iron eras there were migrations that were sometimes forced and sometimes not forced. In the classical times many were driven away from their lands because of their beliefs or culture (Neumayer 2009, online version). The prosperity of many Empires in the early times like Egyptian, Babylonian, Greek and Roman Empires initiated the idea of pulling labourers forcefully to handle their needed manual labour in those days (Schmidt 2013, online version). In effect forceful and voluntary movement of people away from their homes had already assumed a stage before the idea of doing business with human beings began. However, "trafficking in persons was a violation against humanity 200 years ago, as it still is today." (Kangaspunta 2010, online version, p. 3). The practice of human slavery did not end with the ancient Greece and Roman empires but continued with the enslavement of the Africans by the colonial masters. "Most countries in Africa were freed from colonial rule only in the latter half of the twentieth century." (Shelley 1 See also Hellie, R. 2003. "Slavery". In: Encyclopaedia Britanica 2003. Deluxe Edition CD-ROM.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Divisions: Faculty of Management and Social Sciences
Depositing User: mrs chioma hannah
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2019 15:14
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2019 11:38
URI: http://eprints.gouni.edu.ng/id/eprint/2305

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