Can we extend Schwartz’s value theory in order to measure organizational Values? Using a pilot study in the context of University.

Nnebedum, Chigozie and Daniela, wetzelhutter and Johann, Bacher and Jacques, De Wet (2019) Can we extend Schwartz’s value theory in order to measure organizational Values? Using a pilot study in the context of University. In: 8th European Survey Research Conference, Zagreb Croatia.

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The rate at which organizations are increasing with propensity in every sphere and arena of social life is indicative of its importance in the society. Organizations have perceived importance on the lives of those within it. The modern society's structure ought to be stretched to include relations between the persons living in it (Scott 1981). Society as well as organizations are dynamic and keep changing in the very structural elements and values of which it is composed (Coleman, 1974). Practices and standards shared by members living in the same environment can be referred to as organizational values (Tindale, Smith, Thomas, Filins, & Sheffey, 1996.) In other words they can also include shared mental representations about organizational principles. Different approaches have been proposed in order to measure values of organization (e.g. Borg et al., 2011; Ros & Grad, 1991). The most prominent example is Rokeach (1973). Rokeach (1973:5) defines value as an "enduring belief that a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end-state of existence". Based on this, he developed a value-survey (RVS) consisting of two lists of values - measuring instrumental (preferable behavioral) and terminal (desirable and end-state existing) values. Rokeach (1973, p.38) even proposes to apply its instrument for “a group, a social organization, a total society, or even an ideal society”. Most recently, Tuulik et al. (2016) pointed out, that the RVS (Rokeach Value Survey) was and is still popular and widespread used. However, they (ibid) concluded “the values lists are not sufficiently relevant enough today to measure and describe the wide and colorful variety of values” (p.151) by mentioning certain dispensable value. Besides, researcher may face difficulties regarding cross-cultural comparisons as well, since non-comparable interpretations of those values are limiting the usability (ibid). Building on Rokeach's theory of values, Schwartz developed the theory further focussing on human and cultural values (Schwartz 1992; 2008; 2012). Although he incorporated many views of Rokeach, Schwartz did improve Rokeach's theory, which does not adequately explain the underlying structure of value systems.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Management and Social Sciences
Depositing User: mrs chioma hannah
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2019 14:16
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2019 11:11

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